戴景耀【绿野仙踪】魔幻世界之旅Day2-深圳学而思英语

戴景耀
The Wizard of QZ
The Council with the Munchkins
She was awakened by a shock, so sudden and severe that if Dorothy had
not been lying on the soft bed she might have been hurt. As it was,
the jar made her catch her breath and wonder what had happened; and
Toto put his cold little nose into her face and whined dismally.
Dorothy sat up and noticed that the house was not moving; nor was it
dark, for the bright sunshine came in at the window, flooding the
little room. She sprang from her bed and with Toto at her heels ran
and opened the door.
The little girl gave a cry of amazement and looked about her, her eyes
growing bigger and bigger at the wonderful sights she saw.
The cyclone had set the house down very gently--for a cyclone--in the
midst of a country of marvelous beauty. There were lovely patches of
greensward all about, with stately trees bearing rich and luscious
fruits. Banks of gorgeous flowers were on every hand, and birds with
rare and brilliant plumage sang and fluttered in the trees and bushes.
A little way off was a small brook, rushing and sparkling along between
green banks, and murmuring in a voice very grateful to a little girl
who had lived so long on the dry, gray prairies.
While she stood looking eagerly at the strange and beautiful sights,
she noticed coming toward her a group of the queerest people she had
ever seen. They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been
used to; but neither were they very small. In fact, they seemed about
as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her age, although
they were, so far as looks go, many years older.
Three were men and one a woman, and all were oddly dressed. They wore
round hats that rose to a small point a foot above their heads, with
little bells around the brims that tinkled sweetly as they moved. The
hats of the men were blue; the little woman's hat was white, and she
wore a white gown that hung in pleats from her shoulders. Over it were
sprinkled little stars that glistened in the sun like diamonds. The
men were dressed in blue, of the same shade as their hats, and wore
well-polished boots with a deep roll of blue at the tops. The men,
Dorothy thought, were about as old as Uncle Henry, for two of them had
beards. But the little woman was doubtless much older. Her face was
covered with wrinkles, her hair was nearly white, and she walked rather
stiffly.
When these people drew near the house where Dorothy was standing in the
doorway, they paused and whispered among themselves, as if afraid to
come farther. But the little old woman walked up to Dorothy, made a
low bow and said, in a sweet voice:
"You are welcome, most noble Sorceress, to the land of the Munchkins.
We are so grateful to you for having killed the Wicked Witch of the
East, and for setting our people free from bondage."
Dorothy listened to this speech with wonder. What could the little
woman possibly mean by calling her a sorceress, and saying she had
killed the Wicked Witch of the East? Dorothy was an innocent, harmless
little girl, who had been carried by a cyclone many miles from home;
and she had never killed anything in all her life.
But the little woman evidently expected her to answer; so Dorothy said,
with hesitation, "You are very kind, but there must be some mistake. I
have not killed anything."
"Your house did, anyway," replied the little old woman, with a laugh,
"and that is the same thing. See!" she continued, pointing to the
corner of the house. "There are her two feet, still sticking out from
under a block of wood."
Dorothy looked, and gave a little cry of fright. There, indeed, just
under the corner of the great beam the house rested on, two feet were
sticking out, shod in silver shoes with pointed toes.
"Oh, dear! Oh, dear!" cried Dorothy, clasping her hands together in
dismay. "The house must have fallen on her. Whatever shall we do?"
"There is nothing to be done," said the little woman calmly.
"But who was she?" asked Dorothy.
"She was the Wicked Witch of the East, as I said," answered the little
woman. "She has held all the Munchkins in bondage for many years,
making them slave for her night and day. Now they are all set free,
and are grateful to you for the favor."
"Who are the Munchkins?" inquired Dorothy.
"They are the people who live in this land of the East
where the Wicked Witch ruled."
"Are you a Munchkin?" asked Dorothy.
"No, but I am their friend, although I live in the land of the North.
When they saw the Witch of the East was dead the Munchkins sent a swift
messenger to me, and I came at once. I am the Witch of the North."
"Oh, gracious!" cried Dorothy. "Are you a real witch?"
"Yes, indeed," answered the little woman. "But I am a good witch, and
the people love me. I am not as powerful as the Wicked Witch was who
ruled here, or I should have set the people free myself."
"But I thought all witches were wicked," said the girl, who was half
frightened at facing a real witch. "Oh, no, that is a great mistake.
There were only four witches in all the Land of Oz, and two of them,
those who live in the North and the South, are good witches. I know
this is true, for I am one of them myself, and cannot be mistaken.
Those who dwelt in the East and the West were, indeed, wicked witches;
but now that you have killed one of them, there is but one Wicked Witch
in all the Land of Oz--the one who lives in the West."
"But," said Dorothy, after a moment's thought, "Aunt Em has told me
that the witches were all dead--years and years ago."
"Who is Aunt Em?" inquired the little old woman.
"She is my aunt who lives in Kansas, where I came from."
The Witch of the North seemed to think for a time, with her head bowed
and her eyes upon the ground. Then she looked up and said, "I do not
know where Kansas is, for I have never heard that country mentioned
before. But tell me, is it a civilized country?"
"Oh, yes," replied Dorothy.
"Then that accounts for it. In the civilized countries I believe there
are no witches left, nor wizards, nor sorceresses, nor magicians. But,
you see, the Land of Oz has never been civilized, for we are cut off
from all the rest of the world. Therefore we still have witches and
wizards amongst us."
"Who are the wizards?" asked Dorothy.
"Oz himself is the Great Wizard," answered the Witch, sinking her voice
to a whisper. "He is more powerful than all the rest of us together.
He lives in the City of Emeralds."
Dorothy was going to ask another question, but just then the Munchkins,
who had been standing silently by, gave a loud shout and pointed to the
corner of the house where the Wicked Witch had been lying.
"What is it?" asked the little old woman, and looked, and began to
laugh. The feet of the dead Witch had disappeared entirely, and
nothing was left but the silver shoes.
"She was so old," explained the Witch of the North, "that she dried up
quickly in the sun. That is the end of her. But the silver shoes are
yours, and you shall have them to wear." She reached down and picked up
the shoes, and after shaking the dust out of them handed them to
Dorothy.
"The Witch of the East was proud of those silver shoes," said one of
the Munchkins, "and there is some charm connected with them; but what
it is we never knew."
Dorothy carried the shoes into the house and placed them on the table.
Then she came out again to the Munchkins and said:
"I am anxious to get back to my aunt and uncle, for I am sure they will
worry about me. Can you help me find my way?"
The Munchkins and the Witch first looked at one another, and then at
Dorothy, and then shook their heads.
"At the East, not far from here," said one, "there is a great desert,
and none could live to cross it."
"It is the same at the South," said another, "for I have been there and
seen it. The South is the country of the Quadlings."
"I am told," said the third man, "that it is the same at the West. And
that country, where the Winkies live, is ruled by the Wicked Witch of
the West, who would make you her slave if you passed her way."
"The North is my home," said the old lady, "and at its edge is the same
great desert that surrounds this Land of Oz. I'm afraid, my dear, you
will have to live with us."
Dorothy began to sob at this, for she felt lonely among all these
strange people. Her tears seemed to grieve the kind-hearted Munchkins,
for they immediately took out their handkerchiefs and began to weep
also. As for the little old woman, she took off her cap and balanced
the point on the end of her nose, while she counted "One, two, three"
in a solemn voice. At once the cap changed to a slate, on which was
written in big, white chalk marks:
"LET DOROTHY GO TO THE CITY OF EMERALDS"
The little old woman took the slate from her nose, and having read the
words on it, asked, "Is your name Dorothy, my dear?"
"Yes," answered the child, looking up and drying her tears.
"Then you must go to the City of Emeralds. Perhaps Oz will help you."
"Where is this city?" asked Dorothy.
"It is exactly in the center of the country, and is ruled by Oz, the
Great Wizard I told you of."
"Is he a good man?" inquired the girl anxiously.
"He is a good Wizard. Whether he is a man or not I cannot tell, for I
have never seen him."
"How can I get there?" asked Dorothy.
"You must walk. It is a long journey, through a country that is
sometimes pleasant and sometimes dark and terrible. However, I will
use all the magic arts I know of to keep you from harm."
"Won't you go with me?" pleaded the girl, who had begun to look upon
the little old woman as her only friend.
"No, I cannot do that," she replied, "but I will give you my kiss, and
no one will dare injure a person who has been kissed by the Witch of
the North."
She came close to Dorothy and kissed her gently on the forehead. Where
her lips touched the girl they left a round, shining mark, as Dorothy
found out soon after.
"The road to the City of Emeralds is paved with yellow brick," said the
Witch, "so you cannot miss it. When you get to Oz do not be afraid of
him, but tell your story and ask him to help you. Good-bye, my dear."
The three Munchkins bowed low to her and wished her a pleasant journey,
after which they walked away through the trees. The Witch gave Dorothy
a friendly little nod, whirled around on her left heel three times, and
straightway disappeared, much to the surprise of little Toto, who
barked after her loudly enough when she had gone, because he had been
afraid even to growl while she stood by.
But Dorothy, knowing her to be a witch, had expected her to disappear
in just that way, and was not surprised in the least.





1. might have done
对过去事情的推测,might与may意思相同,但可能性更小.多用于虚拟语气结构中
2. luscious (adj)
甘美的,浓厚的
3. murmur (v)
低语,低声抱怨
区分: complain是向别人诉苦; murmur是背着别人自言自语地“抱怨”; grumble通常带有感情色彩和个人情绪,指一边发脾气,一边自己对自己叽叽咕咕;complain还有“投诉”的意思;grumble多用于指男性。
4.shoe
(n)鞋,鞋状物(可数名词,一双鞋是a pair of shoes)
(v)穿鞋,装防护物(Ving形式:shoeing;过去式:shod,过去分词:shod/shodden)
5.dismay(n/v)
沮丧,绝望,惊愕(因前景可怕或因挫折而失去干某事的力量)
拓展:be dismayed at/by sth 对某事感到沮丧/惊愕;in dismay 惊慌,沮丧
6.dwell (v)
居住(过去式及过去分词:dwelt/dwelled)
拓展:dwell on居住在…,细想;dwell in居住在
7. civilized (v)
使开化,使文明(过去式及过去分词:civilized)
延伸:a civilized society 一个文明的社会;a civilized nation一个文明的国家
其名词形式是civilization
8. be anxious to do sth
急于做某事,渴望做某事
9. handkerchief (n)
手帕,围巾
区分:paper 有好几种意思, 最常用的意思是纸张,指的是可以写字、画画、打印的纸,它另外的含义包括报纸,发表的论文。要注意的是,英国人是不会把擦手、擦嘴的纸巾和 paper 联系在一起的。所以如果你问一个英国人要 paper, 多数情况下他们会理解为你想要一张纸来写字。我们生活中常用的纸巾还包括:kitchen towel 或者 kitchen roll 是厨房专用一次性纸巾。在餐厅吃饭的时候,桌上都放有餐巾纸,称为 napkins 或者 serviettes,用来擦嘴的。卫生纸是 toilet roll 或者 toilet paper。湿纸巾是 wipes。
10.dare
(v)敢
(n)胆量
拓展:dare做实义动词时,有时态和人称的变化,用do, does或did来构成否定句或疑问句;当dare翻译成:敢,指“勇敢”,含有大胆、鲁莽、爱冒险,或因爱慕虚荣而甘冒生命或受惩罚的危险的意味,后面通常接动词不定式,有时可省略不定式符号to。一般不用于进行时态;dare用作情态动词,一般用于疑问句、否定句或条件句,或与hardly, never, no one, nobody等连用。有时态变化,但没有人称形式的变化,其后接动词原形。构成疑问句和否定句时不用助动词do。
常见句子:How dare you…表达难以置信或者愤怒的情感
11.Yellow Brick (Road)
黄砖路
这条路始于奥兹大地东部Munchkin Country的center,铺满了黄色砖块,其功能是指导所有追随他的人,抵达道路的最终目的地-整个大陆中心的奥兹皇宫,因为Dorothy要去翡翠城寻找伟大的巫师奥兹,所以走上了这条黄转路

句子之花
1. The Witch of the North seemed to think for a time, with her head bowed and her eyes upon the ground.
北方女巫地址头看着地面,似乎思考了一会会。
赏析: seem to do sth 似乎在做某事;for a time 暂时,一会儿;with her … ground这个结构是补充说明the witch of north 思考时的动作
2. Then that accounts for it. In the civilized countries I believe there are no witches left, nor wizards, nor sorceresses, nor magicians. But, you see, the Land of Oz has never been civilized, for we are cut off from all the rest of the world.
那就能解释的通了。在这个文明国家我不相信有女巫,也没有魔法师。但是,你明白的,奥兹国从未变得文明,因为我们与世界上剩余的地方隔绝了。
赏析1:(词汇上)left在这句话做witches的后置定语,文中指剩下的女巫;for引导的句子表示原因,意为:因为,由于
赏析2:(短语上)account for 解释,说明。Then that accounts for it.意思为:那么这就能够解释(这种情况)了;cut off 中断,阻隔,文中的“we are cut off from the rest of the world”意思是我们和世界上的其他地方隔绝,该段指奥兹国与别的国家相隔绝。
赏析3:(语法上)nor…nor…这里是连续的否定,意为:没有…也没有…
3. Dorothy was going to ask another question, but just then the Munchkins, who had been standing silently by, gave a loud shout and pointed to the corner of the house where the Wicked Witch had been lying.
桃乐茜(Dorothy)打算再问一个问题,但就在这个时候,一直安静地站在旁边的小矮人们大喊了一声。他们指向角落处恶女巫一直挡在那里的房子。
赏析1:(短语上)stand by 站在…旁边;give a shout 大喊一声;point to指向
赏析2:(语法上)文中的who引导的定语从句修饰Munchkins,作为插入语,原句是:the Munchkins gave a loud shout;文中的where引导定语从句
4. "The Witch of the East was proud of those silver shoes," said one of the Munchkins, "and there is some charm connected with them; but what it is we never knew."
“东方女巫对这双银鞋子感到十分自豪”,其中一个小矮人说,“而且它们具有某种魔力,但是我们从来不知道这魔力是什么。”
赏析1:(短语上)be proud of 对…感到自豪,满意;connect with 与…有关
赏析2:(语法上)what it is we never knew这句话是一个倒装句,正常语序是:We never knew what it is,其中what it is是knew的宾语从句,it指代charm,起到加强语气的作用,意思是,不过它到底是什么,我们从不知道
5. And that country, where the Winkies live, is ruled by the Wicked Witch of the West, who would make you her slave if you passed her way.
那个温基人居住的国家,是被西方女巫所统治的地方,如果你经过她的地盘,那么她就会逼迫你成为她的奴隶。
赏析1:(短语上)be ruled by 在…的统治下;make somebody slave让某人成为奴隶;pass one’s way经过某人的地方
赏析2:(语法上)该句的主干是:that country is ruled by the Wicked Witch of the west,其中where引导的从句作为插入语,修饰the country,指温基人所居住的地方;who引导的定语从句修饰the Wicked Witch of the West
赏析3:(意境)这句话形象刻画了西方女巫的蛮横凶残,也表明了Dorothy的前行之路障碍重重啊。
6. As for the little old woman, she took off her cap and balanced the point on the end of her nose, while she counted "One, two, three" in a solemn voice. At once the cap changed to a slate, on which was written in big, white chalk marks: "LET DOROTHY GO TO THE CITY OF EMERALDS"
至于这个矮个子的老婆婆,她摘下来帽子,把帽顶放在她鼻尖上让这个点保持平衡,严肃地数道:“一二三,帽子立刻变成了黑板,很班上写着大大的白色的粉笔字:‘让Rorothy去翡翠城把’。”
赏析1:(短语上)as for 至于;take off 脱下,摘下;balance the point使…保持平衡
赏析2:(语法上)on which…marks这是一个倒装句,正常语序是:"LET DOROTHY GO TO THE CITY OF EMERALDS" was written in big, white chalk marks on which…这里的which指的是chalkboard
7. You must walk. It is a long journey, through a country that is sometimes pleasant and sometimes dark and terrible.
你必须步行过去,那是一个长长的路程,要经过一个国土,它有时是光明快乐的,有时是黑暗和可怕的
赏析:道出了人生的真谛
8. "Won't you go with me?" pleaded the girl, who had begun to look upon the little old woman as her only friend. "No, I cannot do that," she replied, "but I will give you my kiss, and no one will dare injure a person who has been kissed by the Witch of the North."
“你不和我一起走吗?”这个已经开始将小妇人视作她唯一的朋友的小女孩说。“不,我不能那样做,”她说,“但是我将送给你我的吻。没有人敢伤害被北方女巫亲吻过的人。”
赏析1:(词汇短语上)look upon somebody as 把某人视作;
赏析2:(语法上)文中出现两个who引导的从句,who had begun…only friend这个从句修饰the girl,第二个从句who has…the North这里修饰限定前面的a person,文中特指:被北方女巫亲吻过的人
赏析3:(剧情上)除了银鞋子,Dorothy还收到北方女巫送的吻,这个吻可以说是护身符一样的存在,也是Dorothy能够安全去翡翠城的重要前提之一。

Question
Who are the Munchkins ?

可以通过回复评论来回答问题哟~
See you tomorrow